Nevmerzhytska Olena. Educational ideal: the evolution and modern interpretation. In the article the essence of the concept of the educational ideal is discovered and factors that make influence on its forming are pointed out. The evolution of its formation from the ancient time till today is considered. Main attention on its universal and national components is given and the necessity of considering every nation's mental features in its formation is proved. The axiological character of the choice of the educational ideal is pointed because the concept of human that is admired in the process of the educational practice is referred to certain system of values.